Horses are best friend of the humans since Thousands of years. Their strength has helped humans for all the times, for transportation and field work. The human has captured the horse for multiple reasons and has made him a domestic animal. But few of the horses are still free. They are running through fields and don’t let anyone come near them. Those are wild horses. In some areas of the world we can still see and photograph them. And even a horse is a horse; those horses are unique and are different in structure then the domestic horse. They are more massive and more aggressive if they feel threatening.
The domestication of the wild horses has begun 4000 years B. C. But one group of horses refuses to be a part of human’s life. They are called wild horses or horses przewalski. Those are the one and true wild horses and they live in Asia. The European wild horse tarpan became extinct between the years 1918 and 1919. Of course the domestic horse can run off to the wild and start to live like a free horse, but it is not the same. That horse is not a wild horse; he is just a run wild horse, like the mustang.
Przewalski horses are the last of their kind and they are the last one to live free and in the wild. Back in time they lived in the Mongolian area near China. But today 1500 live all over the world, but only 300 are really free. That is why they are considered a dying out species. They are the most common relative to the domestic horse and their path has been separated 120.000 years ago.
The first who described the wild horses was the Russian investigator N. M. Przewalski and that is how they got their name. The wild horses are still different than the domestic horses. They are red – brown, the stomach is brighter, the snout is white and the mane is long and black. The neck is short and they are just 122 to 142 cm big and have 300 kilograms.
The Przewalski horses live in a herd. The herd is contained of the leading horse, his mare and their offspring. When the offspring grow, they go out to find their own mare. The mare lays its foal after eleven or twelve months. The wild horses group a small family group.
Those horses are vegan. Their menu consists out of vegetation. They prefer different types of plant. They favor one species of plant during a certain time period. In the winter their metabolism slows down. They don’t need so much food and the process is slower.
The wild horses are the most beautiful creatures you can see in the wild. But for those reasons they are kept in reservations to prevent them from dying out. You can still see the horse in la Villaret – France; Buchara – Uzbekistan; Hortobagy-National Park – Hungary.
The mustang for example is also a wild horse but the difference is the mustang had domestic forefathers. This horse was brought to America in the 16. Century. The horses ran off and make them self a home in the prairie. This horse is the ancestor of the Spain mare and the Andalusian horse.the name mustang comes from the Spain word mesteno, which means without owner – those horses are from everyone and from nobody.
Like the Przewalski horse also the mustang is alike to be died out. He lives only in the nine stated of the USA. The human race has started to breed these beautiful creatures and ironically has also died them out. The mustang horse was killed for all sorts of reason, for the fur, for food, for manure even.
Today the mustang horse lives in the nine states and it is illegal to kill him. He is protected by the law. Many men who see the wild horses are stunned, because the beauty and the greatness of these horses is incredible.