The history of horses

The beginning of the evolution of the horse is to be followed more than 50 Million years ago. The first ancestors of the horse were found in North America. The evolution of the horse then goes to Asia, Africa and Europe.

The Latin name for the horse is Equus. The ancestors of the horse were smaller than today’s exemplars. The first known Equus was Eohippus. This horse was small, a vegetarian the size of today’s rabbit. The small teeth were perfect for eating grass. He had four legs with four fingers.

Mesohippus was a ancestor of the horse, who lived approximately thirty Million years ago. It had three fingers and was better suited in the hot climate. The faster variety was the Miohippus. He moved almost the same as the today’s horse. Miohippus started to develop incisors and he also had three fingers and the fourth was still visible.
The Merychippus had a longer neck, which helped him to eat more grass than to eat bushes and trees. His teeth were strong and very capable of eating and chewing grass. He walked on three fingers, the fourth did not teach the ground.

Pliohippus was the most alike horse to the horse we know today. He is the immediate ancestor of the today’s horse. He was approximately 122 cm high and he had only one finger, which means he was the first odd-number hoofed animal of his kind.

Today’s horse is a domestic animal. We know that wild horses live and travel through countries but the most important live of a horse is at a range with humans around them.
The first men, who had discovered the horse for human purposes, saw food, clothes and transport in the animal. This happed approximately five to six Thousand years ago. The horse’s purpose was to transport as well goods as humans. The very moment humans discovered the real horse’s power, the horse was immediately used in wars. The horse is known as to be the most noble and precious animal in the world. The horse’s strength is abnormal and sometimes over used. On the farms the horse is used to pull carriages and help in the field. It was the loyal companion in the war.

But through time the horse became the synonym for sports games and amusement. Horse sports are highly demanded nowadays and people spend great amounts of money to bet on the winning horse at a horse race.

Horses are also breed for human consumption. Horse meet is very healthy and full of rich ingredients. Horse meet is used in nourishment as long the horse is the human’s friend that means from the beginning of the domestic animal.

Nowadays horses are more and more precious and loved animals. They are also used in health and therapy use, because the work very peaceful on the human body and mind.
The most popular sports in which horses are used are horseraces, definitely. At the Olympic event the horses take place in cross country race, leaping of barriers and dressage. Horses are also used in polo, rodeo or fox hunt (which is banned in England).

Nowadays we know more types of horses. The white horse or the Lipicanski horse has its roots in Kras (Karst), Slovenia. The live up to 35 years and it is the oldest breed known. The horse is all white when it’s fully grown, but as a youngster the horse is black.

Through time it has come to a development of a dwarf horse, called pony. These horses are smaller than 1.5 meters. Also the horses are divided in warm-blooded and cold-blooded. Warm-blooded horses are better for riding, because they are lively and quick. But the cold-blooded horses are better for work and for tow. They are also calm and heavier, they can weigh up to a tone.

Horses have come a long way through the history and for all times they will be in lives and hearts of humans, as friend and helper.